Rook allows creation and customization of shared filesystems through the custom resource definitions (CRDs). The following settings are available for Ceph filesystems.
This sample requires at least 1 OSD per node, with each OSD located on 3 different nodes.
Each OSD must be located on a different node, because both of the defined pools set the
host and the
failureDomain can also be set to another location type (e.g.
rack), if it has been added as a
location in the Storage Selection Settings.
(These definitions can also be found in the
Erasure coded pools require the OSDs to use
bluestore for the configured
storeType. Additionally, erasure coded pools can only be used with
metadataPool must use a replicated pool.
This sample requires at least 3 bluestore OSDs, with each OSD located on a different node.
The OSDs must be located on different nodes, because the
failureDomain will be set to
host by default, and the
erasureCoded chunk settings require at least 3 different OSDs (2
dataChunks + 1
IMPORTANT: For erasure coded pools, we have to create a replicated pool as the default data pool and an erasure-coded pool as a secondary pool.
Ceph filesystem mirroring is a process of asynchronous replication of snapshots to a remote CephFS file system. Snapshots are synchronized by mirroring snapshot data followed by creating a snapshot with the same name (for a given directory on the remote file system) as the snapshot being synchronized. It is generally useful when planning for Disaster Recovery. Mirroring is for clusters that are geographically distributed and stretching a single cluster is not possible due to high latencies.
The following will enable mirroring of the filesystem:
Once mirroring is enabled, Rook will by default create its own bootstrap peer token so that it can be used by another cluster. The bootstrap peer token can be found in a Kubernetes Secret. The name of the Secret is present in the Status field of the CephFilesystem CR:
This secret can then be fetched like so:
The secret must be decoded. The result will be another base64 encoded blob that you will import in the destination cluster:
See the official cephfs mirror documentation on how to add a bootstrap peer.
name: The name of the filesystem to create, which will be reflected in the pool and other resource names.
namespace: The namespace of the Rook cluster where the filesystem is created.
The pools allow all of the settings defined in the Pool CRD spec. For more details, see the Pool CRD settings. In the example above, there must be at least three hosts (size 3) and at least eight devices (6 data + 2 coding chunks) in the cluster.
metadataPool: The settings used to create the filesystem metadata pool. Must use replication.
dataPools: The settings to create the filesystem data pools. Optionally (and we highly recommend), a pool name can be specified with the
namefield to override the default generated name; see more below. If multiple pools are specified, Rook will add the pools to the filesystem. Assigning users or files to a pool is left as an exercise for the reader with the CephFS documentation. The data pools can use replication or erasure coding. If erasure coding pools are specified, the cluster must be running with bluestore enabled on the OSDs.
name: (optional, and highly recommended) Override the default generated name of the pool. The final pool name will consist of the filesystem name and pool name, e.g.,
<fsName>-<poolName>. We highly recommend to specify
nameto prevent issues that can arise from modifying the spec in a way that causes Rook to lose the original pool ordering.
preserveFilesystemOnDelete: If it is set to 'true' the filesystem will remain when the CephFilesystem resource is deleted. This is a security measure to avoid loss of data if the CephFilesystem resource is deleted accidentally. The default value is 'false'. This option replaces
preservePoolsOnDeletewhich should no longer be set.
preservePoolsOnDelete: This option is replaced by the above
preserveFilesystemOnDelete. For backwards compatibility and upgradeability, if this is set to 'true', Rook will treat
preserveFilesystemOnDeleteas being set to 'true'.
Metadata Server Settings¶
The metadata server settings correspond to the MDS daemon settings.
activeCount: The number of active MDS instances. As load increases, CephFS will automatically partition the filesystem across the MDS instances. Rook will create double the number of MDS instances as requested by the active count. The extra instances will be in standby mode for failover.
activeStandby: If true, the extra MDS instances will be in active standby mode and will keep a warm cache of the filesystem metadata for faster failover. The instances will be assigned by CephFS in failover pairs. If false, the extra MDS instances will all be on passive standby mode and will not maintain a warm cache of the metadata.
mirroring: Sets up mirroring of the filesystem
enabled: whether mirroring is enabled on that filesystem (default: false)
peers: to configure mirroring peers
secretNames: a list of peers to connect to. Currently (Ceph Pacific release) only a single peer is supported where a peer represents a Ceph cluster.
snapshotSchedules: schedule(s) snapshot.One or more schedules are supported.
path: filesystem source path to take the snapshot on
interval: frequency of the snapshots. The interval can be specified in days, hours, or minutes using d, h, m suffix respectively.
startTime: optional, determines at what time the snapshot process starts, specified using the ISO 8601 time format.
snapshotRetention: allow to manage retention policies:
path: filesystem source path to apply the retention on
annotations: Key value pair list of annotations to add.
labels: Key value pair list of labels to add.
placement: The mds pods can be given standard Kubernetes placement restrictions with
podAntiAffinitysimilar to placement defined for daemons configured by the cluster CRD.
resources: Set resource requests/limits for the Filesystem MDS Pod(s), see MDS Resources Configuration Settings
priorityClassName: Set priority class name for the Filesystem MDS Pod(s)
startupProbe: Disable, or override timing and threshold values of the Filesystem MDS startup probe
livenessProbe: Disable, or override timing and threshold values of the Filesystem MDS livenessProbe.
MDS Resources Configuration Settings¶
The format of the resource requests/limits structure is the same as described in the Ceph Cluster CRD documentation.
If the memory resource limit is declared Rook will automatically set the MDS configuration
mds_cache_memory_limit. The configuration value is calculated with the aim that the actual MDS memory consumption remains consistent with the MDS pods' resource declaration.
In order to provide the best possible experience running Ceph in containers, Rook internally recommends the memory for MDS daemons to be at least 4096MB. If a user configures a limit or request value that is too low, Rook will still run the pod(s) and print a warning to the operator log.