Prerequisites

Rook can be installed on any existing Kubernetes clusters as long as it meets the minimum version and have the required privilege to run in the cluster (see below for more information). If you dont have a Kubernetes cluster, you can quickly set one up using Minikube, Kubeadm or CoreOS/Vagrant.

Minimum Version

Kubernetes v1.8 or higher is supported by Rook.

Privileges and RBAC

Rook requires privileges to manage the storage in your cluster. See the details here for setting up RBAC.

Flexvolume Configuration

The Rook agent requires setup as a Flex volume plugin to manage the storage attachments in your cluster. See the Flex Volume Configuration topic to configure your Kubernetes deployment to load the Rook volume plugin.

Kernel modules directory configuration

Normally, on Linux, kernel modules can be found in /lib/modules. However, there are some distributions that put them elsewhere. In that case the environment variable LIB_MODULES_DIR_PATH can be used to override the default. Also see the documentation in helm-operator on the parameter agent.libModulesDirPath. One notable distribution where this setting is useful would be NixOS.

Extra agent mounts

On certain distributions it may be necessary to mount additional directories into the agent container. That is what the environment variable AGENT_MOUNTS is for. Also see the documentation in helm-operator on the parameter agent.mounts. The format of the variable content should be mountname1=/host/path1:/container/path1,mountname2=/host/path2:/container/path2.

Bootstrapping Kubernetes

Rook will run wherever Kubernetes is running. Here are some simple environments to help you get started with Rook.

Minikube

To install minikube, refer to this page. Once you have minikube installed, start a cluster by doing the following:

$ minikube start
Starting local Kubernetes cluster...
Starting VM...
SSH-ing files into VM...
Setting up certs...
Starting cluster components...
Connecting to cluster...
Setting up kubeconfig...
Kubectl is now configured to use the cluster.

After these steps, your minikube cluster is ready to install Rook on.

Kubeadm

You can easily spin up Rook on top of a kubeadm cluster. You can find the instructions on how to install kubeadm in the Install kubeadm page.

By using kubeadm, you can use Rook in just a few minutes!

New local Kubernetes cluster with Vagrant

For a quick start with a new local cluster, use the Rook fork of coreos-kubernetes. This will bring up a multi-node Kubernetes cluster with vagrant and CoreOS virtual machines ready to use Rook immediately.

git clone https://github.com/rook/coreos-kubernetes.git
cd coreos-kubernetes/multi-node/vagrant
vagrant up
export KUBECONFIG="$(pwd)/kubeconfig"
kubectl config use-context vagrant-multi

Then wait for the cluster to come up and verify that kubernetes is done initializing (be patient, it takes a bit):

kubectl cluster-info

Once you see a url response, your cluster is ready for use by Rook.

Support for authenticated docker registries

If you want to use an image from authenticated docker registry (e.g. for image cache/mirror), you’ll need to add an imagePullSecret to all relevant service accounts. This way all pods created by the operator (for service account: rook-ceph-system) or all new pods in the namespace (for service account: default) will have the imagePullSecret added to their spec.

The whole process is described in the official kubernetes documentation.

Example setup for a ceph cluster

To get you started, here’s a quick rundown for the ceph example from the quickstart guide.

First, we’ll create the secret for our registry as described here:

# for namespace rook-ceph-system (operator)
kubectl -n rook-ceph-system create secret docker-registry my-registry-secret --docker-server=DOCKER_REGISTRY_SERVER --docker-username=DOCKER_USER --docker-password=DOCKER_PASSWORD --docker-email=DOCKER_EMAIL

# and for namespace rook-ceph (cluster)
kubectl -n rook-ceph create secret docker-registry my-registry-secret --docker-server=DOCKER_REGISTRY_SERVER --docker-username=DOCKER_USER --docker-password=DOCKER_PASSWORD --docker-email=DOCKER_EMAIL

Next we’ll add the following snippet to all relevant service accounts as described here:

imagePullSecrets:
- name: my-registry-secret

The service accounts are:

  • rook-ceph-system (namespace: rook-ceph-system): Will affect all pods created by the rook operator in the rook-ceph-system namespace.
  • default (namespace: rook-ceph): Will affect most pods in the rook-ceph namespace.
  • rook-ceph-mgr (namespace: rook-ceph): Will affect the MGR pods in the rook-ceph namespace.
  • rook-ceph-osd (namespace: rook-ceph): Will affect the OSD pods in the rook-ceph namespace.

You can do it either via e.g. kubectl -n <namespace> edit serviceaccount default or by modifying the operator.yaml and cluster.yaml before deploying them.

Since it’s the same procedure for all service accounts, here is just one example:

kubectl -n rook-ceph edit serviceaccount default
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: default
  namespace: rook-ceph
secrets:
- name: default-token-12345
imagePullSecrets:                # here are the new
- name: my-registry-secret       # parts

After doing this for all service accounts all pods should be able to pull the image from your registry.

Using Rook in Kubernetes

Now that you have a Kubernetes cluster running, you can start using Rook with these steps.

Using Rook on Tectonic Bare Metal

Follow these instructions to run Rook on Tectonic Kubernetes