PLEASE NOTE: This document applies to v1.0 version and not to the latest stable release v1.9

    Ceph Common Issues

    Many of these problem cases are hard to summarize down to a short phrase that adequately describes the problem. Each problem will start with a bulleted list of symptoms. Keep in mind that all symptoms may not apply depending upon the configuration of the Rook. If the majority of the symptoms are seen there is a fair chance you are experiencing that problem.

    If after trying the suggestions found on this page and the problem is not resolved, the Rook team is very happy to help you troubleshoot the issues in their Slack channel. Once you have registered for the Rook Slack, proceed to the General channel to ask for assistance.

    Table of Contents

    Troubleshooting Techniques

    There are two main categories of information you will need to investigate issues in the cluster:

    1. Kubernetes status and logs documented here
    2. Ceph status

    Ceph Tools

    After you verify the basic health of the running pods, next you will want to run Ceph tools for status of the storage components. There are two ways to run the Ceph tools, either in the Rook toolbox or inside other Rook pods that are already running.

    • Logs on a specific node to find why a PVC is failing to mount:
      • Rook agent errors around the attach/detach: kubectl logs -n rook-ceph <rook-ceph-agent-pod>
    • See the log collection topic for a script that will help you gather the logs
    • Other artifacts:
      • The monitors that are expected to be in quorum: kubectl -n <cluster-namespace> get configmap rook-ceph-mon-endpoints -o yaml | grep data

    Tools in the Rook Toolbox

    The rook-ceph-tools pod provides a simple environment to run Ceph tools. Once the pod is up and running, connect to the pod to execute Ceph commands to evaluate that current state of the cluster.

    kubectl -n rook-ceph exec -it $(kubectl -n rook-ceph get pod -l "app=rook-ceph-tools" -o jsonpath='{.items[0].metadata.name}') bash

    Ceph Commands

    Here are some common commands to troubleshoot the cluster.

    • ceph status
    • ceph osd status
    • ceph osd df
    • ceph osd utilization
    • ceph osd pool stats
    • ceph osd tree
    • ceph pg stat

    The first two status commands provide the overall cluster health. The normal state for cluster operations is HEALTH_OK, but will still function when the state is in a HEALTH_WARN state. If you are in a WARN state, then the cluster is in a condition that it may enter the HEALTH_ERROR state at which point all disk I/O operations are halted. If a HEALTH_WARN state is observed, then one should take action to prevent the cluster from halting when it enters the HEALTH_ERROR state.

    There are many Ceph sub-commands to look at and manipulate Ceph objects, well beyond the scope this document. See the Ceph documentation for more details of gathering information about the health of the cluster. In addition, there are other helpful hints and some best practices located in the Advanced Configuration section. Of particular note there are scripts for collecting logs and gathering OSD information there.

    Pod Using Ceph Storage Is Not Running


    • The pod that is configured to use Rook storage is stuck in the ContainerCreating status
    • kubectl describe pod for the pod mentions one or more of the following:
      • PersistentVolumeClaim is not bound
      • timeout expired waiting for volumes to attach/mount
    • kubectl -n rook-ceph get pod shows the rook-ceph-agent pods in a CrashLoopBackOff status

    Possible Solutions Summary

    Investigation Details

    If you see some of the symptoms above, it’s because the requested Rook storage for your pod is not being created and mounted successfully. In this walkthrough, we will be looking at the wordpress mysql example pod that is failing to start. To first confirm there is an issue, you can run commands similar to the following and you should see similar output (note that some of it has been omitted for brevity):

    > kubectl get pod
    NAME                              READY     STATUS              RESTARTS   AGE
    wordpress-mysql-918363043-50pjr   0/1       ContainerCreating   0          1h
    > kubectl describe pod wordpress-mysql-918363043-50pjr
      FirstSeen	LastSeen	Count	From			SubObjectPath	Type		Reason			Message
      ---------	--------	-----	----			-------------	--------	------			-------
      1h		1h		3	default-scheduler			Warning		FailedScheduling	PersistentVolumeClaim is not bound: "mysql-pv-claim" (repeated 2 times)
      1h		35s		36	kubelet,			Warning		FailedMount		Unable to mount volumes for pod "wordpress-mysql-918363043-50pjr_default(08d14e75-bd99-11e7-bc4c-001c428b9fc8)": timeout expired waiting for volumes to attach/mount for pod "default"/"wordpress-mysql-918363043-50pjr". list of unattached/unmounted volumes=[mysql-persistent-storage]
      1h		35s		36	kubelet,			Warning		FailedSync		Error syncing pod

    To troubleshoot this, let’s walk through the volume provisioning steps in order to confirm where the failure is happening.

    Ceph Agent Deployment

    The rook-ceph-agent pods are responsible for mapping and mounting the volume from the cluster onto the node that your pod will be running on. If the rook-ceph-agent pod is not running then it cannot perform this function. Below is an example of the rook-ceph-agent pods failing to get to the Running status because they are in a CrashLoopBackOff status:

    > kubectl -n rook-ceph get pod
    NAME                                  READY     STATUS             RESTARTS   AGE
    rook-ceph-agent-ct5pj                 0/1       CrashLoopBackOff   16         59m
    rook-ceph-agent-zb6n9                 0/1       CrashLoopBackOff   16         59m
    rook-operator-2203999069-pmhzn        1/1       Running            0          59m

    If you see this occurring, you can get more details about why the rook-ceph-agent pods are continuing to crash with the following command and its sample output:

    > kubectl -n rook-ceph get pod -l app=rook-ceph-agent -o jsonpath='{range .items[*]}{.metadata.name}{"\t"}{.status.containerStatuses[0].lastState.terminated.message}{"\n"}{end}'
    rook-ceph-agent-ct5pj	mkdir /usr/libexec/kubernetes: read-only file system
    rook-ceph-agent-zb6n9	mkdir /usr/libexec/kubernetes: read-only file system

    From the output above, we can see that the agents were not able to bind mount to /usr/libexec/kubernetes on the host they are scheduled to run on. For some environments, this default path is read-only and therefore a better path must be provided to the agents.

    First, clean up the agent deployment with:

    kubectl -n rook-ceph delete daemonset rook-ceph-agent

    Once the rook-ceph-agent pods are gone, follow the instructions in the Flexvolume configuration pre-reqs to ensure a good value for --volume-plugin-dir has been provided to the Kubelet. After that has been configured, and the Kubelet has been restarted, start the agent pods up again by restarting rook-operator:

    kubectl -n rook-ceph delete pod -l app=rook-operator

    Volume Creation

    The volume must first be created in the Rook cluster and then bound to a volume claim before it can be mounted to a pod. Let’s confirm that with the following commands and their output:

    > kubectl get pv
    NAME                                       CAPACITY   ACCESSMODES   RECLAIMPOLICY   STATUS     CLAIM                    STORAGECLASS   REASON    AGE
    pvc-9f273fbc-bdbf-11e7-bc4c-001c428b9fc8   20Gi       RWO           Delete          Bound      default/mysql-pv-claim   rook-ceph-block               25m
    > kubectl get pvc
    NAME             STATUS    VOLUME                                     CAPACITY   ACCESSMODES   STORAGECLASS   AGE
    mysql-pv-claim   Bound     pvc-9f273fbc-bdbf-11e7-bc4c-001c428b9fc8   20Gi       RWO           rook-ceph-block     25m

    Both your volume and its claim should be in the Bound status. If one or neither of them is not in the Bound status, then look for details of the issue in the rook-operator logs:

    kubectl -n rook-ceph logs `kubectl -n rook-ceph -l app=rook-operator get pods -o jsonpath='{.items[*].metadata.name}'`

    If the volume is failing to be created, there should be details in the rook-operator log output, especially those tagged with op-provisioner.

    One common cause for the rook-operator failing to create the volume is when the clusterNamespace field of the StorageClass doesn’t match the namespace of the Rook cluster, as described in #1502. In that scenario, the rook-operator log would show a failure similar to the following:

    2018-03-28 18:58:32.041603 I | op-provisioner: creating volume with configuration {pool:replicapool clusterNamespace:rook-ceph fstype:}
    2018-03-28 18:58:32.041728 I | exec: Running command: rbd create replicapool/pvc-fd8aba49-32b9-11e8-978e-08002762c796 --size 20480 --cluster=rook --conf=/var/lib/rook/rook-ceph/rook.config --keyring=/var/lib/rook/rook-ceph/client.admin.keyring
    E0328 18:58:32.060893       5 controller.go:801] Failed to provision volume for claim "default/mysql-pv-claim" with StorageClass "rook-ceph-block": Failed to create rook block image replicapool/pvc-fd8aba49-32b9-11e8-978e-08002762c796: failed to create image pvc-fd8aba49-32b9-11e8-978e-08002762c796 in pool replicapool of size 21474836480: Failed to complete '': exit status 1. global_init: unable to open config file from search list /var/lib/rook/rook-ceph/rook.config
    . output:

    The solution is to ensure that the clusterNamespace field matches the namespace of the Rook cluster when creating the StorageClass.

    Volume Mounting

    The final step in preparing Rook storage for your pod is for the rook-ceph-agent pod to mount and format it. If all the preceding sections have been successful or inconclusive, then take a look at the rook-ceph-agent pod logs for further clues. You can determine which rook-ceph-agent is running on the same node that your pod is scheduled on by using the -o wide output, then you can get the logs for that rook-ceph-agent pod similar to the example below:

    > kubectl -n rook-ceph get pod -o wide
    NAME                                  READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE       IP             NODE
    rook-ceph-agent-h6scx                 1/1       Running   0          9m
    rook-ceph-agent-mp7tn                 1/1       Running   0          9m
    rook-operator-2203999069-3tb68        1/1       Running   0          9m
    > kubectl -n rook-ceph logs rook-ceph-agent-h6scx
    2017-10-30 23:07:06.984108 I | rook: starting Rook v0.5.0-241.g48ce6de.dirty with arguments '/usr/local/bin/rook agent'

    In the rook-ceph-agent pod logs, you may see a snippet similar to the following:

    Failed to complete rbd: signal: interrupt.

    In this case, the agent waited for the rbd command but it did not finish in a timely manner so the agent gave up and stopped it. This can happen for multiple reasons, but using dmesg will likely give you insight into the root cause. If dmesg shows something similar to below, then it means you have an old kernel that can’t talk to the cluster:

    libceph: mon2 feature set mismatch, my 4a042a42 < server's 2004a042a42, missing 20000000000

    If uname -a shows that you have a kernel version older than 3.15, you’ll need to perform one of the following:

    • Disable some Ceph features by starting the rook toolbox and running ceph osd crush tunables bobtail
    • Upgrade your kernel to 3.15 or later.

    Filesystem Mounting

    In the rook-ceph-agent pod logs, you may see a snippet similar to the following:

    2017-11-07 00:04:37.808870 I | rook-flexdriver: WARNING: The node kernel version is 4.4.0-87-generic, which do not support multiple ceph filesystems. The kernel version has to be at least 4.7. If you have multiple ceph filesystems, the result could be inconsistent

    This will happen in kernels with versions older than 4.7, where the option mds_namespace is not supported. This option is used to specify a filesystem namespace.

    In this case, if there is only one filesystem in the Rook cluster, there should be no issues and the mount should succeed. If you have more than one filesystem, inconsistent results may arise and the filesystem mounted may not be the one you specified.

    If the issue is still not resolved from the steps above, please come chat with us on the #general channel of our Rook Slack. We want to help you get your storage working and learn from those lessons to prevent users in the future from seeing the same issue.

    Cluster failing to service requests


    • Execution of the ceph command hangs
    • PersistentVolumes are not being created
    • Large amount of slow requests are blocking
    • Large amount of stuck requests are blocking
    • One or more MONs are restarting periodically


    Create a rook-ceph-tools pod to investigate the current state of CEPH. Here is an example of what one might see. In this case the ceph status command would just hang so a CTRL-C needed to be sent.

    $ kubectl -n rook-ceph exec -it $(kubectl -n rook-ceph get pod -l "app=rook-ceph-tools" -o jsonpath='{.items[0].metadata.name}') bash
    root@rook-ceph-tools:/# ceph status
    ^CCluster connection interrupted or timed out

    Another indication is when one or more of the MON pods restart frequently. Note the ‘mon107’ that has only been up for 16 minutes in the following output.

    $ kubectl -n rook-ceph get all -o wide --show-all
    NAME                                 READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE       IP               NODE
    po/rook-ceph-mgr0-2487684371-gzlbq   1/1       Running   0          17h   k8-host-0402
    po/rook-ceph-mon107-p74rj            1/1       Running   0          16m   k8-host-0402
    rook-ceph-mon1-56fgm                 1/1       Running   0          2d   k8-host-0404
    rook-ceph-mon2-rlxcd                 1/1       Running   0          2d   k8-host-0403
    rook-ceph-osd-bg2vj                  1/1       Running   0          2d   k8-host-0404
    rook-ceph-osd-mwxdm                  1/1       Running   0          2d   k8-host-0403


    What is happening here is that the MON pods are restarting and one or more of the Ceph daemons are not getting configured with the proper cluster information. This is commonly the result of not specifying a value for dataDirHostPath in your Cluster CRD.

    The dataDirHostPath setting specifies a path on the local host for the CEPH daemons to store configuration and data. Setting this to a path like /var/lib/rook, reapplying your Cluster CRD and restarting all the CEPH daemons (MON, MGR, OSD, RGW) should solve this problem. After the CEPH daemons have been restarted, it is advisable to restart the rook-tool pod.

    Monitors are the only pods running


    • Rook operator is running
    • Either a single mon starts or the mons skip letters, specifically named a, d, and f
    • No mgr, osd, or other daemons are created


    When the operator is starting a cluster, the operator will start one mon at a time and check that they are healthy before continuing to bring up all three mons. If the first mon is not detected healthy, the operator will continue to check until it is healthy. If the first mon fails to start, a second and then a third mon may attempt to start. However, they will never form quorum and the orchestration will be blocked from proceeding.

    The likely causes for the mon health not being detected:

    • The operator pod does not have network connectivity to the mon pod
    • The mon pod is failing to start
    • One or more mon pods are in running state, but are not able to form quorum

    Operator fails to connect to the mon

    First look at the logs of the operator to confirm if it is able to connect to the mons.

    $ kubectl -n rook-ceph logs -l app=rook-operator

    Likely you will see an error similar to the following that the operator is timing out when connecting to the mon. The last command is ceph mon_status, followed by a timeout message five minutes later.

    2018-01-21 21:47:32.375833 I | exec: Running command: ceph mon_status --cluster=rook --conf=/var/lib/rook/rook-ceph/rook.config --keyring=/var/lib/rook/rook-ceph/client.admin.keyring --format json --out-file /tmp/442263890
    2018-01-21 21:52:35.370533 I | exec: 2018-01-21 21:52:35.071462 7f96a3b82700  0 monclient(hunting): authenticate timed out after 300
    2018-01-21 21:52:35.071462 7f96a3b82700  0 monclient(hunting): authenticate timed out after 300
    2018-01-21 21:52:35.071524 7f96a3b82700  0 librados: client.admin authentication error (110) Connection timed out
    2018-01-21 21:52:35.071524 7f96a3b82700  0 librados: client.admin authentication error (110) Connection timed out
    [errno 110] error connecting to the cluster

    The error would appear to be an authentication error, but it is misleading. The real issue is a timeout.


    If you see the timeout in the operator log, verify if the mon pod is running (see the next section). If the mon pod is running, check the network connectivity between the operator pod and the mon pod. A common issue is that the CNI is not configured correctly.

    Failing mon pod

    Second we need to verify if the mon pod started successfully.

    $ kubectl -n rook-ceph get pod -l app=rook-ceph-mon
    NAME                                READY     STATUS               RESTARTS   AGE
    rook-ceph-mon-a-69fb9c78cd-58szd    1/1       CrashLoopBackOff     2          47s

    If the mon pod is failing as in this example, you will need to look at the mon pod status or logs to determine the cause. If the pod is in a crash loop backoff state, you should see the reason by describing the pod.

    # the pod shows a termination status that the keyring does not match the existing keyring
    $ kubectl -n rook-ceph describe pod -l mon=rook-ceph-mon0
        Last State:		Terminated
          Reason:		Error
          Message:		The keyring does not match the existing keyring in /var/lib/rook/rook-ceph-mon0/data/keyring.
                        You may need to delete the contents of dataDirHostPath on the host from a previous deployment.

    See the solution in the next section regarding cleaning up the dataDirHostPath on the nodes.

    Three mons named a, d, and f

    If you see the three mons running with the names a, d, and f, they likely did not form quorum even though they are running.

    NAME                               READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
    rook-ceph-mon-a-7d9fd97d9b-cdq7g   1/1     Running   0          10m
    rook-ceph-mon-d-77df8454bd-r5jwr   1/1     Running   0          9m2s
    rook-ceph-mon-f-58b4f8d9c7-89lgs   1/1     Running   0          7m38s


    This is a common problem reinitializing the Rook cluster when the local directory used for persistence has not been purged. This directory is the dataDirHostPath setting in the cluster CRD and is typically set to /var/lib/rook. To fix the issue you will need to delete all components of Rook and then delete the contents of /var/lib/rook (or the directory specified by dataDirHostPath) on each of the hosts in the cluster. Then when the cluster CRD is applied to start a new cluster, the rook-operator should start all the pods as expected.

    Important: Deleting the dataDirHostPath folder is destructive to the storage. Only delete the folder if you are trying to permanently purge the Rook cluster.

    See the Cleanup Guide for more details.

    PVCs stay in pending state


    • When you create a PVC based on a rook storage class, it stays pending indefinitely

    For the Wordpress example, you might see two PVCs in pending state.

    $ kubectl get pvc
    mysql-pv-claim   Pending                                      rook-ceph-block   8s
    wp-pv-claim      Pending                                      rook-ceph-block   16s


    There are two common causes for the PVCs staying in pending state:

    1. There are no OSDs in the cluster
    2. The operator is not running or is otherwise not responding to the request to create the block image

    Confirm if there are OSDs

    To confirm if you have OSDs in your cluster, connect to the Rook Toolbox and run the ceph status command. You should see that you have at least one OSD up and in. The minimum number of OSDs required depends on the replicated.size setting in the pool created for the storage class. In a “test” cluster, only one OSD is required (see storageclass-test.yaml). In the production storage class example (storageclass.yaml), three OSDs would be required.

    $ ceph status
        id:     a0452c76-30d9-4c1a-a948-5d8405f19a7c
        health: HEALTH_OK
        mon: 3 daemons, quorum a,b,c (age 11m)
        mgr: a(active, since 10m)
        osd: 1 osds: 1 up (since 46s), 1 in (since 109m)

    OSD Prepare Logs

    If you don’t see the expected number of OSDs, let’s investigate why they weren’t created. On each node where Rook looks for OSDs to configure, you will see an “osd prepare” pod.

    $ kubectl -n rook-ceph get pod -l app=rook-ceph-osd-prepare
    NAME                                   READY   STATUS      RESTARTS   AGE
    rook-ceph-osd-prepare-minikube-9twvk   0/2     Completed   0          30m

    See the section on why OSDs are not getting created to investigate the logs.

    Operator unresponsiveness

    Lastly, if you have OSDs up and in, the next step is to confirm the operator is responding to the requests. Look in the Operator pod logs around the time when the PVC was created to confirm if the request is being raised. If the operator does not show requests to provision the block image, the operator may be stuck on some other operation. In this case, restart the operator pod to get things going again.


    If the “osd prepare” logs didn’t give you enough clues about why the OSDs were not being created, please review your cluster.yaml configuration. The common misconfigurations include:

    • If useAllDevices: true, Rook expects to find local devices attached to the nodes. If no devices are found, no OSDs will be created.
    • If useAllDevices: false, OSDs will only be created if directories or a deviceFilter are specified.
    • Only local devices attached to the nodes will be configurable by Rook. In other words, the devices must show up under /dev.
      • The devices must not have any partitions or filesystems on them. Rook will only configure raw devices. Partitions are not yet supported.

    OSD pods are failing to start


    • OSD pods are failing to start
    • You have started a cluster after tearing down another cluster


    When an OSD starts, the device or directory will be configured for consumption. If there is an error with the configuration, the pod will crash and you will see the CrashLoopBackoff status for the pod. Look in the osd pod logs for an indication of the failure.

    $ kubectl -n rook-ceph logs rook-ceph-osd-fl8fs

    One common case for failure is that you have re-deployed a test cluster and some state may remain from a previous deployment. If your cluster is larger than a few nodes, you may get lucky enough that the monitors were able to start and form quorum. However, now the OSDs pods may fail to start due to the old state. Looking at the OSD pod logs you will see an error about the file already existing.

    $ kubectl -n rook-ceph logs rook-ceph-osd-fl8fs
    2017-10-31 20:13:11.187106 I | mkfs-osd0: 2017-10-31 20:13:11.186992 7f0059d62e00 -1 bluestore(/var/lib/rook/osd0) _read_fsid unparsable uuid
    2017-10-31 20:13:11.187208 I | mkfs-osd0: 2017-10-31 20:13:11.187026 7f0059d62e00 -1 bluestore(/var/lib/rook/osd0) _setup_block_symlink_or_file failed to create block symlink to /dev/disk/by-partuuid/651153ba-2dfc-4231-ba06-94759e5ba273: (17) File exists
    2017-10-31 20:13:11.187233 I | mkfs-osd0: 2017-10-31 20:13:11.187038 7f0059d62e00 -1 bluestore(/var/lib/rook/osd0) mkfs failed, (17) File exists
    2017-10-31 20:13:11.187254 I | mkfs-osd0: 2017-10-31 20:13:11.187042 7f0059d62e00 -1 OSD::mkfs: ObjectStore::mkfs failed with error (17) File exists
    2017-10-31 20:13:11.187275 I | mkfs-osd0: 2017-10-31 20:13:11.187121 7f0059d62e00 -1  ** ERROR: error creating empty object store in /var/lib/rook/osd0: (17) File exists


    If the error is from the file that already exists, this is a common problem reinitializing the Rook cluster when the local directory used for persistence has not been purged. This directory is the dataDirHostPath setting in the cluster CRD and is typically set to /var/lib/rook. To fix the issue you will need to delete all components of Rook and then delete the contents of /var/lib/rook (or the directory specified by dataDirHostPath) on each of the hosts in the cluster. Then when the cluster CRD is applied to start a new cluster, the rook-operator should start all the pods as expected.

    OSD pods are not created on my devices


    • No OSD pods are started in the cluster
    • Devices are not configured with OSDs even though specified in the Cluster CRD
    • One OSD pod is started on each node instead of multiple pods for each device


    First, ensure that you have specified the devices correctly in the CRD. The Cluster CRD has several ways to specify the devices that are to be consumed by the Rook storage:

    • useAllDevices: true: Rook will consume all devices it determines to be available
    • deviceFilter: Consume all devices that match this regular expression
    • devices: Explicit list of device names on each node to consume

    Second, if Rook determines that a device is not available (has existing partitions or a formatted file system), Rook will skip consuming the devices. If Rook is not starting OSDs on the devices you expect, Rook may have skipped it for this reason. To see if a device was skipped, view the OSD preparation log on the node where the device was skipped. Note that it is completely normal and expected for OSD prepare pod to be in the completed state. After the job is complete, Rook leaves the pod around in case the logs need to be investigated.

    # get the prepare pods in the cluster
    $ kubectl -n rook-ceph get pod -l app=rook-ceph-osd-prepare
    NAME                                   READY     STATUS      RESTARTS   AGE
    rook-ceph-osd-prepare-node1-fvmrp      0/1       Completed   0          18m
    rook-ceph-osd-prepare-node2-w9xv9      0/1       Completed   0          22m
    rook-ceph-osd-prepare-node3-7rgnv      0/1       Completed   0          22m
    # view the logs for the node of interest in the "provision" container
    $ kubectl -n rook-ceph logs rook-ceph-osd-prepare-node1-fvmrp provision

    Here are some key lines to look for in the log:

    # A device will be skipped if Rook sees it has partitions or a filesystem
    2019-05-30 19:02:57.353171 W | cephosd: skipping device sda that is in use
    # A device is going to be configured
    2019-05-30 19:02:57.535598 I | cephosd: device sdc to be configured by ceph-volume
    # For each device configured you will see a report printed to the log
    2019-05-30 19:02:59.844642 I |   Type            Path                                                    LV Size         % of device
    2019-05-30 19:02:59.844651 I | ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2019-05-30 19:02:59.844677 I |   [data]          /dev/sdc                                                7.00 GB         100%


    After you have either updated the CRD with the correct settings, or you have cleaned the partitions or file system from your devices, you can trigger the operator to analyze the devices again by restarting the operator. Each time the operator starts, it will ensure all the desired devices are configured. The operator does automatically deploy OSDs in most scenarios, but an operator restart will cover any scenarios that the operator doesn’t detect automatically.

    # Restart the operator to ensure devices are configured. A new pod will automatically be started when the current operator pod is deleted.
    $ kubectl -n rook-ceph delete pod -l app=rook-ceph-operator

    Node hangs after reboot


    • After issuing a reboot command, node never returned online
    • Only a power cycle helps


    The node needs to be drained before reboot. After the successful drain, the node can be rebooted as usual.

    Because kubectl drain command automatically marks the node as unschedulable (kubectl cordon effect), the node needs to be uncordoned once it’s back online.

    Drain the node:

    $ kubectl drain <node-name> --ignore-daemonsets --delete-local-data

    Uncordon the node:

    kubectl uncordon <node-name>

    Rook Agent modprobe exec format error


    • PersistentVolumes from Ceph fail/timeout to mount
    • Rook Agent logs contain modinfo: ERROR: could not get modinfo from 'rbd': Exec format error lines


    If it is feasible to upgrade your kernel, you should upgrade to 4.x, even better is >= 4.7 due to a feature for CephFS added to the kernel.

    If you are unable to upgrade the kernel, you need to go to each host that will consume storage and run:

    modprobe rbd

    This command inserts the rbd module into the kernel.

    To persist this fix, you need to add the rbd kernel module to either /etc/modprobe.d/ or /etc/modules-load.d/. For both paths create a file called rbd.conf with the following content:


    Now when a host is restarted, the module should be loaded automatically.

    Rook Agent rbd module missing error


    • Rook Agent in Error or CrashLoopBackOff status when deploying the Rook operator with kubectl create -f operator.yaml:
      $kubectl -n rook-ceph get pod
      NAME                                 READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
      rook-ceph-agent-gfrm5                0/1       Error     0          14s
      rook-ceph-operator-5f4866946-vmtff   1/1       Running   0          23s
      rook-discover-qhx6c                  1/1       Running   0          14s
    • Rook Agent logs contain below messages:
      2018-08-10 09:09:09.461798 I | exec: Running command: cat /lib/modules/4.15.2/modules.builtin
      2018-08-10 09:09:09.473858 I | exec: Running command: modinfo -F parm rbd
      2018-08-10 09:09:09.477215 N | ceph-volumeattacher: failed rbd single_major check, assuming it's unsupported: failed to check for rbd module single_major param: Failed to complete 'check kmod param': exit status 1. modinfo: ERROR: Module rbd not found.
      2018-08-10 09:09:09.477239 I | exec: Running command: modprobe rbd
      2018-08-10 09:09:09.480353 I | modprobe rbd: modprobe: FATAL: Module rbd not found.
      2018-08-10 09:09:09.480452 N | ceph-volumeattacher: failed to load kernel module rbd: failed to load kernel module rbd: Failed to complete 'modprobe rbd': exit status 1.
      failed to run rook ceph agent. failed to create volume manager: failed to load kernel module rbd: Failed to complete 'modprobe rbd': exit status 1.


    From the log message of Agent, we can see that the rbd kernel module is not available in the current system, neither as a builtin nor a loadable external kernel module.

    In this case, you have to re-configure and build a new kernel to address this issue, there’re two options:

    • Re-configure your kernel to make sure the CONFIG_BLK_DEV_RBD=y in the .config file, then build the kernel.
    • Re-configure your kernel to make sure the CONFIG_BLK_DEV_RBD=m in the .config file, then build the kernel.

    Rebooting the system to use the new kernel, this issue should be fixed: the Agent will be in normal running status if everything was done correctly.

    Using multiple shared filesystem (CephFS) is attempted on a kernel version older than 4.7


    • More than one shared filesystem (CephFS) has been created in the cluster
    • A pod attempts to mount any other shared filesystem besides the first one that was created
    • The pod incorrectly gets the first filesystem mounted instead of the intended filesystem


    The only solution to this problem is to upgrade your kernel to 4.7 or higher. This is due to a mount flag added in the kernel version 4.7 which allows to chose the filesystem by name.

    For additional info on the kernel version requirement for multiple shared filesystems (CephFS), see Filesystem - Kernel version requirement.

    Activate log to file for a particular Ceph daemon

    They are cases where looking at Kubernetes logs is not enough for diverse reasons, but just to name a few:

    • not everyone is familiar for Kubernetes logging and expects to find logs in traditional directories
    • logs get eaten (buffer limit from the log engine) and thus not requestable from Kubernetes

    So for each daemon, dataDirHostPath is used to store logs, if logging is activated. Rook will bindmount dataDirHostPath for every pod. As of Ceph Nautilus 14.2.1, it is possible to enable logging for a particular daemon on the fly. Let’s say you want to enable logging for mon.a, but only for this daemon. Using the toolbox or from inside the operator run:

    ceph config daemon mon.a log_to_file true

    This will activate logging on the filesystem, you will be able to find logs in dataDirHostPath/$NAMESPACE/log, so typically this would mean /var/lib/rook/rook-ceph/log. You don’t need to restart the pod, the effect will be immediate.

    To disable the logging on file, simply set log_to_file to false.

    For Ceph Luminous/Mimic releases, mon_cluster_log_file and cluster_log_file can be set to /var/log/ceph/XXXX in the config override ConfigMap to enable logging. See the (Advanced Documentation)[Documentation/advanced-configuration.md#kubernetes] for information about how to use the config override ConfigMap.

    For Ceph Luminous/Mimic releases, mon_cluster_log_file and cluster_log_file can be set to /var/log/ceph/XXXX in the config override ConfigMap to enable logging. See the (Advanced Documentation)[advanced-configuration.md#custom-cephconf-settings] for information about how to use the config override ConfigMap.