Documentation

    PLEASE NOTE: This document applies to v1.1 version and not to the latest stable release v1.3

    Documentation for other releases can be found by using the version selector in the left bottom of any doc page.

    Block Storage

    Block storage allows a single pod to mount storage. This guide shows how to create a simple, multi-tier web application on Kubernetes using persistent volumes enabled by Rook.

    Prerequisites

    This guide assumes a Rook cluster as explained in the Quickstart.

    Provision Storage

    Before Rook can provision storage, a StorageClass and CephBlockPool need to be created. This will allow Kubernetes to interoperate with Rook when provisioning persistent volumes.

    NOTE: This sample requires at least 1 OSD per node, with each OSD located on 3 different nodes.

    Each OSD must be located on a different node, because the failureDomain is set to host and the replicated.size is set to 3.

    NOTE This example uses the CSI driver, which is the preferred driver going forward for K8s 1.13 and newer. Examples are found in the CSI RBD directory. For an example of a storage class using the flex driver (required for K8s 1.12 or earlier), see the Flex Driver section below, which has examples in the flex directory.

    Save this StorageClass definition as storageclass.yaml:

    apiVersion: ceph.rook.io/v1
    kind: CephBlockPool
    metadata:
      name: replicapool
      namespace: rook-ceph
    spec:
      failureDomain: host
      replicated:
        size: 3
    ---
    apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1
    kind: StorageClass
    metadata:
       name: rook-ceph-block
    # Change "rook-ceph" provisioner prefix to match the operator namespace if needed
    provisioner: rook-ceph.rbd.csi.ceph.com
    parameters:
        # clusterID is the namespace where the rook cluster is running
        clusterID: rook-ceph
        # Ceph pool into which the RBD image shall be created
        pool: replicapool
    
        # RBD image format. Defaults to "2".
        imageFormat: "2"
    
        # RBD image features. Available for imageFormat: "2". CSI RBD currently supports only `layering` feature.
        imageFeatures: layering
    
        # The secrets contain Ceph admin credentials.
        csi.storage.k8s.io/provisioner-secret-name: rook-csi-rbd-provisioner
        csi.storage.k8s.io/provisioner-secret-namespace: rook-ceph
        csi.storage.k8s.io/node-stage-secret-name: rook-csi-rbd-node
        csi.storage.k8s.io/node-stage-secret-namespace: rook-ceph
    
        # Specify the filesystem type of the volume. If not specified, csi-provisioner
        # will set default as `ext4`.
        csi.storage.k8s.io/fstype: xfs
    
    # Delete the rbd volume when a PVC is deleted
    reclaimPolicy: Delete
    

    If you’ve deployed the Rook operator in a namespace other than “rook-ceph” as is common change the prefix in the provisioner to match the namespace you used. For example, if the Rook operator is running in “rook-op” the provisioner value should be “rook-op.rbd.csi.ceph.com”.

    Create the storage class.

    kubectl create -f cluster/examples/kubernetes/ceph/csi/rbd/storageclass.yaml
    

    NOTE As specified by Kubernetes, when using the Retain reclaim policy, any Ceph RBD image that is backed by a PersistentVolume will continue to exist even after the PersistentVolume has been deleted. These Ceph RBD images will need to be cleaned up manually using rbd rm.

    Consume the storage: Wordpress sample

    We create a sample app to consume the block storage provisioned by Rook with the classic wordpress and mysql apps. Both of these apps will make use of block volumes provisioned by Rook.

    Start mysql and wordpress from the cluster/examples/kubernetes folder:

    kubectl create -f mysql.yaml
    kubectl create -f wordpress.yaml
    

    Both of these apps create a block volume and mount it to their respective pod. You can see the Kubernetes volume claims by running the following:

    $ kubectl get pvc
    NAME             STATUS    VOLUME                                     CAPACITY   ACCESSMODES   AGE
    mysql-pv-claim   Bound     pvc-95402dbc-efc0-11e6-bc9a-0cc47a3459ee   20Gi       RWO           1m
    wp-pv-claim      Bound     pvc-39e43169-efc1-11e6-bc9a-0cc47a3459ee   20Gi       RWO           1m
    

    Once the wordpress and mysql pods are in the Running state, get the cluster IP of the wordpress app and enter it in your browser:

    $ kubectl get svc wordpress
    NAME        CLUSTER-IP   EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)        AGE
    wordpress   10.3.0.155   <pending>     80:30841/TCP   2m
    

    You should see the wordpress app running.

    If you are using Minikube, the Wordpress URL can be retrieved with this one-line command:

    echo http://$(minikube ip):$(kubectl get service wordpress -o jsonpath='{.spec.ports[0].nodePort}')
    

    NOTE: When running in a vagrant environment, there will be no external IP address to reach wordpress with. You will only be able to reach wordpress via the CLUSTER-IP from inside the Kubernetes cluster.

    Consume the storage: Toolbox

    With the pool that was created above, we can also create a block image and mount it directly in a pod. See the Direct Block Tools topic for more details.

    Teardown

    To clean up all the artifacts created by the block demo:

    kubectl delete -f wordpress.yaml
    kubectl delete -f mysql.yaml
    kubectl delete -n rook-ceph cephblockpools.ceph.rook.io replicapool
    kubectl delete storageclass rook-ceph-block
    

    Flex Driver

    To create a volume based on the flex driver instead of the CSI driver, see the following example of a storage class. Make sure the flex driver is enabled over Ceph CSI. For this, you need to set ROOK_ENABLE_FLEX_DRIVER to true in your operator deployment in the operator.yaml file. The pool definition is the same as for the CSI driver.

    apiVersion: ceph.rook.io/v1
    kind: CephBlockPool
    metadata:
      name: replicapool
      namespace: rook-ceph
    spec:
      failureDomain: host
      replicated:
        size: 3
    ---
    apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1
    kind: StorageClass
    metadata:
       name: rook-ceph-block
    provisioner: ceph.rook.io/block
    parameters:
      blockPool: replicapool
      # The value of "clusterNamespace" MUST be the same as the one in which your rook cluster exist
      clusterNamespace: rook-ceph
      # Specify the filesystem type of the volume. If not specified, it will use `ext4`.
      fstype: xfs
    # Optional, default reclaimPolicy is "Delete". Other options are: "Retain", "Recycle" as documented in https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/storage/storage-classes/
    reclaimPolicy: Retain
    # Optional, if you want to add dynamic resize for PVC. Works for Kubernetes 1.14+
    # For now only ext3, ext4, xfs resize support provided, like in Kubernetes itself.
    allowVolumeExpansion: true
    

    Create the pool and storage class.

    kubectl create -f cluster/examples/kubernetes/ceph/flex/storageclass.yaml
    

    Continue with the example above for the wordpress application.

    Advanced Example: Erasure Coded Block Storage

    IMPORTANT: This is only possible when using the Flex driver. Ceph CSI 1.2 (with Rook 1.1) does not support this type of configuration yet.

    If you want to use erasure coded pool with RBD, your OSDs must use bluestore as their storeType. Additionally the nodes that are going to mount the erasure coded RBD block storage must have Linux kernel >= 4.11.

    To be able to use an erasure coded pool you need to create two pools (as seen below in the definitions): one erasure coded and one replicated. The replicated pool must be specified as the blockPool parameter. It is used for the metadata of the RBD images. The erasure coded pool must be set as the dataBlockPool parameter below. It is used for the data of the RBD images.

    NOTE: This example requires at least 3 bluestore OSDs, with each OSD located on a different node.

    The OSDs must be located on different nodes, because the failureDomain is set to host and the erasureCoded chunk settings require at least 3 different OSDs (2 dataChunks + 1 codingChunks).

    apiVersion: ceph.rook.io/v1
    kind: CephBlockPool
    metadata:
      name: replicated-metadata-pool
      namespace: rook-ceph
    spec:
      failureDomain: host
      replicated:
        size: 3
    ---
    apiVersion: ceph.rook.io/v1
    kind: CephBlockPool
    metadata:
      name: ec-data-pool
      namespace: rook-ceph
    spec:
      failureDomain: host
      # Make sure you have enough nodes and OSDs running bluestore to support the replica size or erasure code chunks.
      # For the below settings, you need at least 3 OSDs on different nodes (because the `failureDomain` is `host` by default).
      erasureCoded:
        dataChunks: 2
        codingChunks: 1
    ---
    apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1
    kind: StorageClass
    metadata:
       name: rook-ceph-block
    provisioner: ceph.rook.io/block
    parameters:
      blockPool: replicated-metadata-pool
      dataBlockPool: ec-data-pool
      # Specify the namespace of the rook cluster from which to create volumes.
      # If not specified, it will use `rook` as the default namespace of the cluster.
      # This is also the namespace where the cluster will be
      clusterNamespace: rook-ceph
      # Specify the filesystem type of the volume. If not specified, it will use `ext4`.
      fstype: xfs
    # Works for Kubernetes 1.14+
    allowVolumeExpansion: true
    

    (These definitions can also be found in the storageclass-ec.yaml file)