Ceph

    Prerequisites

    Rook can be installed on any existing Kubernetes cluster as long as it meets the minimum version and Rook is granted the required privileges (see below for more information).

    Minimum Version

    Kubernetes v1.11 or higher is supported for the Ceph operator.

    Important If you are using K8s 1.15 or older, you will need to create a different version of the Ceph CRDs. Create the crds.yaml found in the pre-k8s-1.16 subfolder of the example manifests.

    Ceph Prerequisites

    In order to configure the Ceph storage cluster, at least one of these local storage options are required:

    • Raw devices (no partitions or formatted filesystems)
    • Raw partitions (no formatted filesystem)
    • PVs available from a storage class in block mode

    You can confirm whether your partitions or devices are formatted with filesystems with the following command.

    lsblk -f
    
    NAME                  FSTYPE      LABEL UUID                                   MOUNTPOINT
    vda
    └─vda1                LVM2_member       >eSO50t-GkUV-YKTH-WsGq-hNJY-eKNf-3i07IB
     ├─ubuntu--vg-root   ext4              c2366f76-6e21-4f10-a8f3-6776212e2fe4   /
     └─ubuntu--vg-swap_1 swap              9492a3dc-ad75-47cd-9596-678e8cf17ff9   [SWAP]
    vdb
    

    If the FSTYPE field is not empty, there is a filesystem on top of the corresponding device. In this example, you can use vdb for Ceph and can’t use vda or its partitions.

    LVM package

    Ceph OSDs have a dependency on LVM in the following scenarios:

    • OSDs are created on raw devices or partitions
    • If encryption is enabled (encryptedDevice: true in the cluster CR)
    • A metadata device is specified

    LVM is not required for OSDs in these scenarios:

    • Creating OSDs on PVCs using the storageClassDeviceSets

    If LVM is required for your scenario, LVM needs to be available on the hosts where OSDs will be running. Some Linux distributions do not ship with the lvm2 package. This package is required on all storage nodes in your k8s cluster to run Ceph OSDs. Without this package even though Rook will be able to successfully create the Ceph OSDs, when a node is rebooted the OSD pods running on the restarted node will fail to start. Please install LVM using your Linux distribution’s package manager. For example:

    CentOS:

    sudo yum install -y lvm2
    

    Ubuntu:

    sudo apt-get install -y lvm2
    

    RancherOS:

    runcmd:
    - [ vgchange, -ay ]
    

    Kernel

    RBD

    Ceph requires a Linux kernel built with the RBD module. Many Linux distributions have this module, but not all distributions. For example, the GKE Container-Optimised OS (COS) does not have RBD.

    You can test your Kubernetes nodes by running modprobe rbd. If it says ‘not found’, you may have to rebuild your kernel or choose a different Linux distribution.

    CephFS

    If you will be creating volumes from a Ceph shared file system (CephFS), the recommended minimum kernel version is 4.17. If you have a kernel version less than 4.17, the requested PVC sizes will not be enforced. Storage quotas will only be enforced on newer kernels.